Understanding Menopause and Navigating Its Symptoms

Menopause marks a significant life change for many individuals. It’s a time when the body experiences a series of natural body transitions that lead to loss of period and inability to get pregnant. 

Often surrounded by myths and misconceptions, menopause can often feel like a big unknown for many. But understanding the basics of menopause is essential for being prepared for this natural phase of life. 

Today’s blog will shed light on what menopause is, its symptoms, and the biological changes that occur. It will provide a foundation of knowledge for anyone navigating this part of their life. 

What Is Menopause?

Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a person’s menstrual cycles. According to the Office on Women’s Health, a person formally enters menopause after 12 consecutive months without a menstrual period. It typically occurs in individuals in their 40s or 50s. The average age of menopause in the United States is 52 years. 

What Happens During Menopause?

Menopause marks a significant decline in the hormones that regulate menstruation and ovulation. This phase results in a loss of periods and inability to get pregnant. 

The years leading up to menopause are often referred to as perimenopause. When a person enters the perimenopause phase, their ovaries are transitioning toward making less and less estrogen and progesterone levels. The ovaries also decrease the production of testosterone, which plays a role in reproductive health and sexual desire.

Perimenopause can last for years (on average 4 years). Because hormone levels are changing, a person may have irregular periods during this time. 

Symptoms and Signs of Menopause and Perimenopause

Common symptoms include:

    • Irregular periods

    • Hot flashes and night sweats

    • Mood changes

    • Trouble sleeping

    • Weight gain and slowed metabolism

    • Thinning hair and dry skin

    • Vaginal dryness

    • Painful sex and decreased sex drive

It is important to note that menopause is highly individualized. Not all individuals will experience all of these symptoms, and symptom severity will vary from person to person. 

Some less noticeable symptoms include loss of bone density and increased cholesterol levels. This may increase a person’s risk for osteoporosis and heart disease, respectively. 

Navigating Through Menopause

Understanding menopause is the first step in managing the symptoms. Lifestyle adjustments, such as maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress management techniques, can mitigate some of the symptoms and discomforts associated with this transition. Additionally, it’s crucial to seek personalized medical care and advice. Treatments like hormone replacement therapy (HRT) might be recommended based on individual health profiles and symptom severity.

Support and Awareness

Creating a supportive environment is crucial for individuals going through menopause. Awareness and open conversations can help demystify the process, making it less daunting. Online resources, support groups, and healthcare providers can offer guidance and support, ensuring that no one has to navigate the phase of life alone.


Menopause is a natural part of aging, marking the end of the menstrual cycle. While it comes with its set of challenges, understanding the basics and its symptoms can empower individuals to approach this phase with confidence and knowledge. 

Remember, menopause is a journey, and each person’s journey will be unique. Stay informed, seek support, and prioritize your well-being as you embrace the changes that menopause brings.

About Greenville OB/GYN:

Our gynecology team treats a number of reproductive changes over the course of your lifetime. Understanding menopause can be a challenge, but we’re here to help. Visit our website to schedule an appointment