Second Trimester

Click on the links below to jump to the month you are in, or read straight through to see everything the second trimester has in store.

Click here to head back to the complete trimester overview

Month Four

Month Five

Month Six


Month Four

Benefits of Swimming

Swimming is a terrific way to stay in shape and get the exercise you need while you’re pregnant. It produces the feeling of weightlessness, relieves joint pressure, and will enjoy a cool, relaxing workout. You may want to think about joining a gym that offers an indoor pool. Just be sure to avoid the sauna and hot tubs’ extreme temperatures since your baby is used to the normal temperature of your body.

What Not to Eat

Any undercooked or uncooked food may cause serious health problems for your baby. Some fish have very high levels of mercury and other toxins. Here is a list of some foods you will want to avoid:

  • Raw Shellfish
  • Sushi
  • Raw Eggs
  • Swordfish
  • Shark
  • King Mackerel
  • Fresh Tuna (and Albacore)
  • Farm-raised Fish

Weight Gain

While most women will gain anywhere from 25-35 pounds during their pregnancy, it helps to know where that weight is coming from:

  • 7 1/2 pounds: baby
  • 2 pounds: amniotic fluid
  • 1 1/2 pounds: placenta
  • 2 pounds: uterus
  • 4 pounds: blood
  • 2 pounds: breast
  • 4 pounds: water
  • 8 pounds: fat, protein, nutrient stores

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Month Five

What is an Ultrasound

An Ultrasound uses waves in order to produce a visual image of your body. Ultrasounds also monitor heartbeat and will help your doctor or midwife notice any abnormalities that may be present as soon as possible. There are a few different types of ultrasound available. Ask us about a 4D Ultrasound for an even more detailed picture of your baby's life in the womb.

When do I get an Ultrasound

Your baby is doing a lot of changing during this trimester. An ultrasound will be the perfect way for you to see how much your baby has grown in four months!

Many OB/GYN offices offer ultrasounds and provide 2-dimensional images. Greenville OB/GYN is pleased to offer its clients a 4D ultrasound. This technology is a step forward in terms of prenatal care and screening. 4D utilizes sound waves to look inside the body, which detect a return echo and then generates a vivid, golden image. Some of the clearest, most detailed images result from this technology and you get a look at your baby that, in years past, has simply not been possible.

Please contact Greenville OB/GYN if you are interested in a 4D ultrasound and we will set up an appointment time that is convenient for you. Also, this is the time to sign up for classes offering information on breastfeeding, baby care, and child birth education. Ask your provider about these classes at your next visit.

Types of Exercise

Exercise will help relieve joint pressure and tone muscle, making everyday activities like walking, cooking and running errands much easier. Here are some helpful exercises to try at home or in the gym.

  • Pelvic Tilts
  • Moderate Weight Training
  • Back Lifts
  • Low-Impact Sports
  • Stationary Biking
  • Swimming
  • Walking

Changes in Your Body

Symptoms of pregnancy will be different for every woman, so if you aren't expereience these changes, don't think that something is wrong. If you do experience these symptoms, know that they have happened before and are treatable or will go away with time.

  • Stretch Marks
  • Itchy Palms
  • Longer, Thicker Hair
  • Bleeding Gums
  • Swelling in hands, feet, or face
  • Mood Swings
  • Worry or Fret

What to Carry

A well-prepared pregnant woman's purse should contain:

  • Eye drops for dry, itchy eyes
  • Regular strength Tylenol
  • Essential oils to discourage nausea from certain smells (try peppermint)
  • Tums and crackers for indigestion
  • Greenville OB/GYN emergency information card
  • List of emergency numbers

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Month Six

What's My Baby Doing?

By the end of the sixth month, the baby is almost fully formed and is depositing fat on its body to keep warm. It is now 11 to 14 inches long and weighs 1 to 1 1/2 pounds. The baby’s growth rate is slowing down, but organs and systems continue to mature. Buds for permanent teeth are beginning to form and your baby can still move around in the amniotic fluid. The muscles gain strength and the eyelids and eyebrows are developed. The baby is starting to produce white blood cells, which will help combat disease and infection. Around this time in your pregnancy, you will start to feel the baby’s movement more strongly. You’ve probably gained between 10 and 14 pounds by now. Leg and foot cramps, backache, as well as mild swelling of the ankles and feet, may persist. Stay attuned to significant changes you experience and keep your Greenville OB/GYN physician up to date on your progress.

Your Body During the Second Trimester

As you gain more weight, be increasingly wary of wearing high heels or standing for long periods of time, as these will put an added strain on your back and joints. Also, you may start to notice recurrent heartburn, decreased tolerance for large meals and for rich or spicy foods.

A Good Idea

To save time and effort during the weeks following your newborn’s arrival, prepare your birth announcements now if you plan on sending them. Also, if you are using paper announcements, you can stamp and address the envelopes to save time later. All that remains is to add photos, if you wish.

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